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Displaying 1 - 456 of 456
# Family Taxon Scientific Name Status Life-form Habitat Chorology Floristic Region Fruit Type Dispersal Mode Pollination Type Longevity Growth Form Flowering Period Flowering Months Arch /Neo Invasi-veness
1 Acanthaceae Acanthus mollis L. Established
H
R
EAe EC IoI KK NAe Pe StE Capsule Autochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb III-VI 3, 4, 5, 6
Arch
NonInv
2 Acanthaceae Acanthus mollis L. mollis Established
H
R
EAe EC IoI KK NAe Pe StE Capsule Autochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb III-VI 3, 4, 5, 6
Arch
NonInv
3 Acanthaceae Justicia adhatoda L. Non-established
P
R
KK Capsule Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub VI-VII 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
4 Aizoaceae Aptenia cordifolia (L. f.) Schwantes Established
C
M
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Autochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb, Semi-woody VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
Inv
5 Aizoaceae Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E. Br. Established
C
M
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NE Pe StE WAe Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Semi-woody III-VI 3, 4, 5, 6
Neo
Inv
6 Aizoaceae Lampranthus roseus (Willd.) Schwantes Established
C
M
,
R
Kik Capsule Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Semi-woody V-VI 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
7 Aizoaceae Malephora purpureocrocea (Haw.) Schwantes Established
P
M
Kik KK Pe Capsule Hydrochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Semi-woody V-VI 5, 6
Neo
Inv
8 Alliaceae Allium cepa L. Non-established
G
R
Achene Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VI-VIII 6, 7, 8
Arch
NonInv
9 Alliaceae Allium fistulosum L. Non-established
G
R
Achene Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
10 Alliaceae Allium sativum L. Non-established
G
R
Achene Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VI-VII 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
11 Alliaceae Nothoscordum gracile (Aiton) Stearn Established
G
R
EAe IoI KK Pe StE Capsule Anemochory, Hydrochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb V-VI 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
12 Amaranthaceae Achyranthes sicula (L.) All. Non-established
C
R
EAe Capsule Zoochory Anemogamy Perennial Semi-woody III-V 3, 4, 5
Neo
NonInv
13 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus albus L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
14 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus blitoides S. Watson Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
15 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus bouchonii Thell. Established
T
R
EAe Kik KK NAe NC Achene Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
16 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus caudatus L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-XI 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Arch
NonInv
17 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus cruentus L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
18 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus deflexus L. Established
H
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Utricle Barochory Anemogamy Perennial Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
19 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus emarginatus Uline & W.L. Bray Established
T
R
EAe KK NC NPi NE Achene Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb IX-X 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
20 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus emarginatus Uline & W.L. Bray emarginatus Established
T
R
EAe NC NPi NE Achene Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb IX-X 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
21 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus emarginatus pseudogracilis (Thell.) Hügin Established
T
R
KK Achene Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb IX-X 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
22 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus hybridus L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
23 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. Established
T
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe StE WAe Capsule Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
24 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus muricatus (Moq.) Hieron. Established
H
R
EAe Kik NC NE StE Capsule Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Perennial Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
25 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson Established
T
R
EC KK Pe WAe Utricle Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb IX-X 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
26 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus powellii S. Watson Established
T
R
Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
27 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus quitensis Kunth Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE Capsule Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-XI 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Neo
Inv
28 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus retroflexus L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
29 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus spinosus L. Established
T
R
NC NE Capsule Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
30 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus viridis L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
31 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus watsonii Standl. Established
T
R
Pe Capsule Anemochory, Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb X 10
Neo
NonInv
32 Amaryllidaceae Amaryllis belladonna L. Non-established
G
R
IoI Kik Capsule Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VII-VIII 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
33 Amaryllidaceae Narcissus pseudonarcissus L. Non-established
G
R
Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb III-V 3, 4, 5
Neo
NonInv
34 Amaryllidaceae Narcissus tazetta aureus (Loisel.) Baker Established
G
R
EAe Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb XII-III 12, 1, 2, 3
Neo
NonInv
35 Amaryllidaceae Sternbergia vernalis (Mill.) Gorer & J.H. Harvey Non-established
G
R
KK Capsule Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb I-IV 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Neo
NonInv
36 Amaryllidaceae Tristagma uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub Non-established
G
R
Capsule Autochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb III-IV 3, 4
Neo
NonInv
37 Anacardiaceae Pistacia vera L. Non-established
P
R
Drupe Zoochory Anemogamy Perennial Tree V-VI 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
38 Anacardiaceae Schinus molle L. Non-established
P
R
EAe KK NE Pe SPi Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Tree VI-VII 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
39 Apiaceae Anethum graveolens L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NE Pe SPi StE Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VI-VIII 6, 7, 8
Arch
NonInv
40 Apiaceae Coriandrum sativum L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI KK NAe NE Pe StE Achene Barochory Entomogamy Annual Herb V-VI 5, 6
Arch
NonInv
41 Apiaceae Cyclospermum leptophyllum (Pers.) Britton & P. Wilson Non-established
T
R
Achene Anemochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-VI 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
42 Apiaceae Daucus carota sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang. Non-established
H
R
Achene Zoochory Entomogamy Biennial Herb IV-X 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
43 Apiaceae Pastinaca sativa L. sativa Non-established
H
R
Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Biennial Herb VII-VIII 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
44 Apiaceae Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss Non-established
H
R
Achene Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb V-VI 5, 6
Arch
NonInv
45 Apiaceae Pimpinella anisum L. Non-established
H
R
Achene Barochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-VIII 7, 8
Arch
NonInv
46 Apocynaceae Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Non-established
H
R
Follicle Barochory Autogamy Perennial Herb, Semi-woody V-IX 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
47 Apocynaceae Gomphocarpus fruticosus (L.) W.T. Aiton Established
P
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NE Pe SPi StE WAe Follicle Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub IV-VIII 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Neo
Inv
48 Apocynaceae Gomphocarpus physocarpus E. Mey. Established
H
R
EAe KK Pe Follicle Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VII-VIII 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
49 Araceae Colocasia esculenta Schott Established
G
W
EAe Berry Autochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb III-V 3, 4, 5
Arch
NonInv
50 Araceae Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng. Established
G
A
EAe IoI Kik KK Pe StE WAe Berry Hydrochory, Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb IV-VI 4, 5, 6
Neo
Inv
51 Araliaceae Hedera helix poetarum (Bertol.) Nyman Establishment unknown
P
W
Drupe Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub IX-X 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
52 Arecaceae Phoenix canariensis Chabaud Non-established
P
R
Drupe Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Tree IV-V 4, 5
Neo
NonInv
53 Arecaceae Phoenix dactylifera L. Non-established
P
R
Drupe Hydrochory Anemogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Tree III-V 3, 4, 5
Neo
NonInv
54 Asclepiadaceae Araujia sericifera Brot. Established
P
R
Pe SPi Follicle Anemochory, Hydrochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Shrub IX 9
Neo
NonInv
55 Asclepiadaceae Asclepias curassavica L. Established
C
R
EAe IoI Kik KK Pe SPi Follicle Anemochory, Autochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Semi-woody VI-X 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
56 Asparagaceae Agave americana L. Established
P
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NE Pe StE WAe Capsule Anemochory, Hydrochory, Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VI-VII 6, 7
Neo
Inv
57 Asparagaceae Agave americana L. americana Established
P
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NE Pe StE WAe Capsule Anemochory, Hydrochory, Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VI-VII 6, 7
Neo
Inv
58 Asparagaceae Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop Non-established
C
R
Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub IV-VII 4, 5, 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
59 Asparagaceae Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop Established
C
W
Pe Berry Zoochory, Autochory Autogamy Perennial Semi-woody VIII-X 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
60 Asphodelaceae Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. Established
P
C
,
R
EAe Kik KK Capsule Autochory Entomogamy, Ornithophily Perennial Shrub V-VI 5, 6
Arch
NonInv
61 Asphodelaceae Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. Non-established
G
R
Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb V-VI 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
62 Asteraceae Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M. King & H. Rob. Established
H
A
,
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NC NE Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Herb IV-VI 4, 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
63 Asteraceae Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. Established
T
R
Kik SPi Achene Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb VII-IX 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
64 Asteraceae Ambrosia psilostachya DC. Established
H
R
NE Achene Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VII-IX 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
65 Asteraceae Arctotheca calendula (L.) Levyns Established
T
M
,
R
KK Pe Caryopsis Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb III-VIII 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
66 Asteraceae Artemisia abrotanum L. Non-established
C
R
NAe Achene Barochory Anemogamy Perennial Semi-woody VIII-X 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
67 Asteraceae Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte Established
H
R
IoI NPi SPi Achene Barochory Anemogamy Perennial Herb IX-X 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
68 Asteraceae Bidens alba (L.) DC. Non-established
H
T
R
Achene Zoochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual, Perennial Herb IX 9
Neo
NonInv
69 Asteraceae Bidens bipinnata L. Established
T
R
EAe Achene Zoochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VIII-X 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
70 Asteraceae Bidens frondosa L. Established
T
A
,
R
NC NPi SPi Achene Zoochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
71 Asteraceae Bidens pilosa L. Established
T
A
,
R
KK Pe Achene Zoochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VIII-IX 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
72 Asteraceae Calendula officinalis L. Established
H
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NC NPi NE Pe SPi Achene Zoochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Herb VII-IX 7, 8, 9
Arch
NonInv
73 Asteraceae Carthamus tinctorius L. Established
T
R
EAe IoI Achene Zoochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-IX 7, 8, 9
Arch
NonInv
74 Asteraceae Cichorium endivia L. Non-established
H
R
Achene Barochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Biennial Herb VII-IX 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
75 Asteraceae Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. Non-established
T
R
Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
76 Asteraceae Cotula coronopifolia L. Established
T
A
EAe IoI Kik Pe SPi StE Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb IV-VII 4, 5, 6, 7
Neo
Inv
77 Asteraceae Cynara scolymus L. Non-established
H
R
EAe IoI KK Pe SPi StE Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VI-VIII 6, 7, 8
Arch
NonInv
78 Asteraceae Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Established
T
A
,
R
EAe Pe Achene Autochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VIII-X 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
79 Asteraceae Erigeron annuus (L.) Desf. Established
T
R
EC NC NPi NE SPi Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-XI 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Neo
NonInv
80 Asteraceae Erigeron bonariensis L. Established
H
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb IV-VII 4, 5, 6, 7
Neo
Inv
81 Asteraceae Erigeron canadensis L. Established
H
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VI-X 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
82 Asteraceae Erigeron sumatrensis Retz. Established
H
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb V-IX 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
Inv
83 Asteraceae Flaveria bidentis (L.) Kuntze Established
T
R
Pe Achene Anemochory, Hydrochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
84 Asteraceae Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Established
T
R
EAe NAe NC NPi NE Pe StE Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
85 Asteraceae Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pav. Established
T
R
EAe NAe NPi NE Pe SPi StE Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
86 Asteraceae Helianthus annuus L. Non-established
T
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NE Pe SPi Achene Barochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
87 Asteraceae Helianthus laetiflorus Pers. Established
H
R
EAe NC NPi NE SPi StE Achene Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb IX-X 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
88 Asteraceae Helianthus tuberosus L. Non-established
G
R
Achene Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VIII-X 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
89 Asteraceae Lactuca sativa L. Non-established
H
T
R
EAe IoI NC NPi Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Anemochory Autogamy Biennial Herb V-VIII 5, 6, 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
90 Asteraceae Matricaria discoidea DC. Established
T
R
IoI NC NPi NE Achene Barochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
91 Asteraceae Osteospermum barberae (Harv.) Norl. Non-established
C
R
Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb IV-IX 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
92 Asteraceae Otospermum glabrum (Lag.) Willk. Non-established
C
R
Pe Achene Barochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Tree IV-VI 4, 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
93 Asteraceae Rhaponticum repens (L.) Hidalgo Non-established
H
R
Achene Barochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Herb VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
94 Asteraceae Santolina chamaecyparissus L. Non-established
C
R
EAe Kik NAe NPi Pe StE Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Shrub VI-VII 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
95 Asteraceae Scolymus grandiflorus Desf. Established
H
R
EAe KK NAe Achene Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb V 5
Neo
NonInv
96 Asteraceae Senecio inaequidens DC. Established
H
R
NC Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Herb VIII-X 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
97 Asteraceae Senecio tamoides DC. Non-established
H
R
Kik Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub V-VIII 5, 6, 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
98 Asteraceae Symphyotrichum novi-belgii (L.) G.L. Nesom Established
H
A
,
R
EAe EC NC Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Herb IX-XI 9, 10, 11
Neo
NonInv
99 Asteraceae Symphyotrichum squamatum (Spreng.) G.L. Nesom Established
C
H
A
,
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Herb (VII-) IX-X 9, 10
Neo
Inv
100 Asteraceae Tagetes minuta L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NPi Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb IX-XI 9, 10, 11
Neo
NonInv
101 Asteraceae Tagetes patula L. Established
T
R
EAe NE Pe Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
102 Asteraceae Xanthium orientale L. Established
T
M
,
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
103 Asteraceae Xanthium orientale italicum (Moretti) Greuter Established
T
M
,
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
104 Asteraceae Xanthium pungens Wallr. Established
T
R
EAe Pe Achene Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
105 Asteraceae Xanthium spinosum L. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
106 Balsaminaceae Impatiens balfourii Hook. f. Established
T
R
EC IoI NAe NC NPi Pe StE Capsule Autochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb (VI-) VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
107 Basellaceae Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis Established
H
R
IoI Kik KK NAe Utricle Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VIII-IX 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
108 Basellaceae Basella rubra L. Non-established
P
R
Berry Zoochory Autogamy Perennial Herb V-IX 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
109 Betulaceae Corylus maxima Mill. Non-established
P
R
NE Pe Achene Zoochory Anemogamy Perennial Shrub III-IV 3, 4
Arch
NonInv
110 Bignoniaceae Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. Non-established
P
R
EAe KK NE WAe Legume Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
111 Boraginaceae Amsinckia lycopsoides (Lehm.) Lehm. Established
T
R
EC NE Schizocarp Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-IX 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
112 Boraginaceae Amsinckia micrantha Suksd. Established
T
R
NE Schizocarp Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb IV-VI 4, 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
113 Boraginaceae Echium sabulicola Pomel sabulicola Non-established
H
R
Schizocarp Barochory Entomogamy Biennial Herb III-V 3, 4, 5
Neo
NonInv
114 Boraginaceae Heliotropium curassavicum L. Established
C
R
EAe IoI NE Pe StE Schizocarp Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Semi-woody IV-XI 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Neo
Inv
115 Boraginaceae Omphalodes verna Moench Non-established
G
R
Schizocarp Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb III-IV 3, 4
Neo
NonInv
116 Brassicaceae Brassica napus L. Non-established
H
T
R
Kik NAe NC NE Pe StE Silicle Barochory Entomogamy Annual Herb III-VI 3, 4, 5, 6
Arch
NonInv
117 Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea L. Non-established
H
R
NC NE Pe SPi Silicle Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb IV-VI 4, 5, 6
Arch
NonInv
118 Brassicaceae Brassica rapa oleifera (DC.) Metzg. Non-established
H
T
R
Silicle Barochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb III-X 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
119 Brassicaceae Cardamine occulta Hornem. Non-established
H
T
R
KK Silicle Autochory Entomogamy Annual Herb I-VI 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
120 Brassicaceae Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC. Established
T
R
Pe StE Silicle Autochory Entomogamy Annual Herb V 5
Neo
NonInv
121 Brassicaceae Diplotaxis erucoides (L.) DC. Established
T
R
Pe StE Silicle Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb XII-VI 12, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
122 Brassicaceae Erysimum cheiri (L.) Crantz Established
C
C
IoI Kik NAe NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Silicle Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Semi-woody III-VI 3, 4, 5, 6
Arch
NonInv
123 Brassicaceae Iberis umbellata L. Established
T
C
,
W
NPi Silicle Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb V-VI 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
124 Brassicaceae Lepidium virginicum L. Established
T
R
IoI KK NC NE SPi StE Silicle Anemochory Autogamy Annual Herb V-VIII 5, 6, 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
125 Brassicaceae Lunaria annua L. annua Non-established
H
T
R
Silicle Hydrochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb IV-VI 4, 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
126 Brassicaceae Raphanus sativus L. Established
T
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NPi NE Pe SPi WAe Silicle Barochory Entomogamy Annual Herb IV-XI 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Arch
NonInv
127 Brassicaceae Sinapis alba L. alba Non-established
T
R
KK NC NE Pe StE Silicle Barochory Entomogamy Annual Herb II-VI 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Arch
NonInv
128 Buddlejaceae Buddleja asiatica Lour Non-established
P
R
EAe Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub, Tree II-XI 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Neo
NonInv
129 Buddlejaceae Buddleja davidii Franch Non-established
P
R
NE Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
130 Buddlejaceae Buddleja madagascariensis Lam. Non-established
P
R
Pe Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub XII-V 12, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Neo
NonInv
131 Cactaceae Austrocylindropuntia subulata (Mόhlenpf.) Backeb. Established
P
P
,
R
EAe Kik Pe Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub VII 7
Neo
NonInv
132 Cactaceae Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. Established
P
P
,
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NE Pe SPi StE WAe Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub IV-VII 4, 5, 6, 7
Neo
Inv
133 Cactaceae Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Established
C
R
IoI Kik KK NAe NE Pe StE Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Semi-woody VI-VII 6, 7
Neo
Inv
134 Cactaceae Opuntia microdasys (Lehm.) Pfeiff. Non-established
C
P
R
Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub VII-VIII 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
135 Cactaceae Opuntia robusta H. L. Wendl. ex Pfeiff. Non-established
C
P
R
Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub V-VII 5, 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
136 Cactaceae Opuntia rufida Engelm. Establishment unknown
C
P
M
Kik Berry Autochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub VII-VIII 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
137 Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpinia gilliesii (Hook.) D. Dietr. Non-established
P
R
Legume Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub IV-IX 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
138 Caesalpiniaceae Parkinsonia aculeata L. Established
P
R
EAe IoI Pe StE WAe Legume Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub IX-X 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
139 Campanulaceae Campanula medium L. Non-established
H
T
R
Capsule Barochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Biennial Herb V-VI 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
140 Campanulaceae Trachelium caeruleum L. caeruleum Non-established
C
R
Kik Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Semi-woody VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
141 Cannabaceae Cannabis sativa L. Established
T
R
EAe IoI Kik NC NE Pe SPi Achene Barochory Anemogamy Annual Herb VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Arch
NonInv
142 Caprifoliaceae Lonicera japonica Thunb. Established
P
R
EC IoI NAe NC NE Pe SPi StE WAe Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub V-IX 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
143 Caryophyllaceae Silene crassipes Fenzl Non-established
T
R
StE Capsule Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb IV-VII 4, 5, 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
144 Chenopodiaceae Atriplex hortensis L. Established
T
R
IoI KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Arch
NonInv
145 Chenopodiaceae Atriplex sagittata Borkh. Established
H
R
Kik KK NE Achene Zoochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-VIII 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
146 Chenopodiaceae Atriplex tornabenei Tineo Non-established
T
R
Achene Anemochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-IX 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
147 Chenopodiaceae Bassia hyssopifolia (Pall.) Kuntze Non-established
T
R
KK Achene Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-VI 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
148 Chenopodiaceae Bassia scoparia (L.) A.J. Scott Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Zoochory Anemogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
149 Chenopodiaceae Beta vulgaris L. vulgaris Non-established
H
R
Capsule Barochory Anemogamy Perennial Herb VI-VIII 6, 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
150 Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium giganteum D. Don Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Barochory Anemogamy Annual Herb VIII-X 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
151 Chenopodiaceae Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants Established
T
H
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Achene Barochory Anemogamy Annual, Perennial Herb VI-X 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
152 Chenopodiaceae Dysphania multifida (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants Established
T
H
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NE Pe SPi StE Achene Barochory Anemogamy Perennial Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
153 Chenopodiaceae Dysphania pumilio (R. Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants Established
T
R
EAe EC NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE Achene Barochory Anemogamy Annual Herb V-X 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
154 Chenopodiaceae Hablitzia tamnoides M. Bieb. Established
H
R
EAe Utricle Anemochory, Hydrochory Autogamy, Anemogamy Perennial Herb V-VII 5, 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
155 Chenopodiaceae Spinacia oleracea L. Established
T
R
EAe IoI KK NAe NC NPi NE SPi StE WAe Achene Barochory Anemogamy Annual Herb VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
156 Commelinaceae Commelina communis L. Non-established
T
R
NC SPi StE Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VII-IX 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
157 Commelinaceae Tradescantia fluminensis Vell. Established
G
A
IoI KK NAe NE Pe StE Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VIII-IX 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
158 Commelinaceae Tradescantia virginiana L. Non-established
C
R
Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb VIII-X 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
159 Convolvulaceae Convolvulus sabatius Viv. Established
H
P
IoI Capsule Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb IV-VI 4, 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
160 Convolvulaceae Convolvulus sabatius Viv. sabatius Established
H
P
IoI Capsule Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb IV-VI 4, 5, 6
Neo
NonInv
161 Convolvulaceae Cuscuta campestris Yunck. Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Barochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb (V-) VI-X 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
162 Convolvulaceae Cuscuta suaveolens Ser. Established
T
R
NAe SPi Capsule Barochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb V-IX 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
163 Convolvulaceae Dichondra micrantha Urban Established
H
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NE Pe SPi Capsule Autochory Autogamy Perennial Herb IV-VIII 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
164 Convolvulaceae Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. Established
T
R
SPi Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
165 Convolvulaceae Ipomoea indica (Burm.) Merr. Established
G
R
EAe IoI KK NAe Pe Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb V-XI 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Neo
NonInv
166 Convolvulaceae Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Capsule Barochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VI-X 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
167 Crassulaceae Aeonium arboreum (L.) Webb & Berthel. Established
H
C
C
EAe IoI Kik Pe Follicle Autochory Entomogamy Perennial Shrub XII-III 12, 1, 2, 3
Neo
Inv
168 Crassulaceae Sedum sexangulare L. Non-established
C
R
Follicle Anemochory Entomogamy Perennial Semi-woody V-VII 5, 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
169 Cucurbitaceae Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. Non-established
H
T
R
EAe EC IoI Kik KK Pe SPi StE WAe Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Herb V-VIII 5, 6, 7, 8
Arch
NonInv
170 Cucurbitaceae Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai Non-established
T
R
EAe EC NAe NC NE Pe StE Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb V-VIII 5, 6, 7, 8
Arch
NonInv
171 Cucurbitaceae Cucumis melo L. Non-established
T
R
Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VI-VIII 6, 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
172 Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita maxima Lam. Non-established
T
R
Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-VIII 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
173 Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita pepo L. Non-established
T
R
Kik NAe NE Pe Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb V-IX 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
174 Cucurbitaceae Echinocystis lobata (Michx.) Torr. & A.Gray Established
T
A
NC NE Capsule Hydrochory, Barochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-IX 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
175 Cucurbitaceae Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. Non-established
T
R
Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
176 Cyperaceae Cyperus alopecuroides Rottb. Established
H
A
,
R
EAe Achene Barochory Anemogamy Perennial Herb III-VIII 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Neo
NonInv
177 Cyperaceae Cyperus eragrostis Lam. Established
G
A
IoI NAe StE WAe Achene Barochory Anemogamy Perennial Herb VIII-IX 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
178 Cyperaceae Cyperus involucratus Rottb. Established
H
A
,
R
EAe IoI KK Pe StE WAe Achene Barochory Anemogamy Perennial Herb IV-VII 4, 5, 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
179 Cyperaceae Eleocharis geniculata (L.) Roem. & Schult. Established
T
A
IoI Achene Hydrochory Anemogamy Annual Herb VI-VII 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
180 Dipsacaceae Scabiosa triandra L. Non-established
H
R
Achene Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VI-IX 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
181 Ebenaceae Diospyros lotus L. Established
P
R
StE Berry Zoochory Autogamy, Entomogamy Perennial Tree VI-VII 6, 7
Neo
NonInv
182 Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Established
P
M
,
R
EAe IoI Kik NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe Berry Zoochory Entomogamy Perennial Tree IV-VI 4, 5, 6
Neo
Inv
183 Elatinaceae Bergia capensis L. Established
A
R
NE Pe Capsule Anemochory, Autochory Entomogamy Annual, Biennial Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
184 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia heterophylla L. Established
T
R
EAe Pe Capsule Hydrochory Autogamy Annual Herb VII 7
Neo
NonInv
185 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia hirta L. Non-established
T
R
Capsule Anemochory, Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
186 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia humifusa Willd. Establishment unknown
T
W
NAe Capsule Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
187 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia hypericifolia L. Non-established
C
R
EAe KK Capsule Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VII-X 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
188 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia hyssopifolia L. Non-established
T
R
Pe Capsule Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb III-IX 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Neo
NonInv
189 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia lathyris L. Non-established
H
T
R
Capsule Zoochory Entomogamy Biennial Herb IV-V 4, 5
Neo
NonInv
190 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia maculata L. Established
T
R
EAe IoI Kik KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE Capsule Zoochory Entomogamy Annual Herb IV-X 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
Inv
191 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia marginata Pursh Non-established
T
R
Capsule Autochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VIII-X 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
192 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia nutans Lag. Established
T
R
EAe Kik KK Capsule Anemochory Entomogamy Annual Herb VI-X 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Neo
NonInv
193 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia prostrata Aiton Established
T
R
EAe EC IoI KK NAe NC NPi NE Pe SPi StE WAe